Virginia Calegare
[ Virgin Australia (RightSec)]
Virtual CISO at Virgin Australia (RightSec)

Formally educated in international conflict, counter-terrorism, intelligence, cyber warfare, nuclear criticality safety, knowledge and risk management, Virginia is an experienced Cyber Security adviser with a demonstrated work history in the military, government organisations (National Critical Infrastructure) and the diverse industries in the private sector. As a Cyber Security Intel Lieutenant Officer in the Brazilian Navy, she was an integral part of the Navy’s Nuclear-Powered Submarine Project, heading the project’s InfoSec team.

Virginia holds a bachelor’s degree in Information Systems, a Master's in International Security Studies and a master’s degree in Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, with a specialisation in Cyber Security at Macquarie University. Virginia was recently awarded a cyber security prize for her research on “Internet of Things and Cyber Challenges to National Security”.

Virginia enjoy applying “What if”, Analysis of Competing Hypothesis (ACH) and Devil advocate techniques to all relevant themes in the fields of defense, politics and cyber security.

Virginia is passionate about security and frequently refers to herself as a “Sheepdog,” born to protect the good sheep in a world under constant attack of malicious bad wolves.

Environmental Cyber-Terrorism: Climate change inspired Hacktivism against the aviation industry

Technical Level (3 being the highest score): 1

Current political scenario, Threat landscape / threat actors/ tools related to the aviation industry

1) What are the expected new trends in intel and terrorism globally: environmental terrorism
2) Climate change movement: new radical groups and their goals (zero emissions, stopping airports, call for banning frequent flyers programs)
3) Public sympathy for the movement, sponsors
4) Who are Hacktivists: hackers with a political cause. "What If" they join forces (What If is an Intelligence technique to identify Unknown Unknowns)
5) Hacktivism level of sophistication and preferred tools (DDoS, website defacement)
6) Hacktivists leveraging tools for rent (bot nets), NSA sophisticated tools on leaks, state sponsored retired tools
7) Recent cyber attacks against aviation (frequency is increasing)
8) What are the potential three ways to stop planes from flying and reduce emission to zero (Extension Rebellion Goal for 2025):
a) make it price prohibitive: higher government taxes, no more subsidy, cost repassed to passagers (unlikely)
b) cyber attacks against aviation: easier, money to sponsor it available, motivated
people/hackers, hard to attribute (likely, cyber space is more accessible) Delays, fines, compensation (Financial, reputational loss)
c) physical attack to airplanes (unlikely, worst case scenario, physical security in place)
9) What does it mean for Aviation and other "polluting activities" industries? To society?
10) How can one protect against such potential threats?
11) Concluding notes / wrap up
12) Q&A

Secure your place now!